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The effectiveness of health impact assessment / Matthias Wismar / Brussels [Belgium] : European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies (2007)
The effectiveness of health impact assessment : scope and limitations of supporting decision-making in Europe [printed text] / Matthias Wismar, Author ; Julia Blau, Author ; Kelly Ernst, Author ; Josep Figueras, Author . - Brussels [Belgium] : European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, 2007 . - xxvii, 291 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. - (Observatory Studies Series; 9) .
ISBN : 978-92-890-7295-3
"The book is based on a European research project that received funding under the European Union Public Health Work Programme. The research was lead by the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies and included research teams from 19 countries."--P.  of cover.
Languages : English (eng)
WA 525 Health Administration and Organization - General works
Case Reports ; Case studies ; Decision Making ; Europe ; Evidence-Based Medicine ; Health Status Indicators ; Organizational Case Studies ; Policy Making ; Program Evaluation ; Public Health Administration ; Risk Assessment ; Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract: Health impact assessment (HIA) is a support tool for intersectoral decision- and policy-making. It is used to assess the potential health consequences of pending decisions and it feeds this information back into the decision-making process. This book provides a detailed map of the use of HIA in the WHO European Region across a large range of sectors, including transport, environment, urban planning and agriculture, and at national, regional and local levels. It also reviews the implementation and institutionalization of HIA with specific focus on governance, financing, resource generation and delivery. HIA's effectiveness is explored and analysed in 17 case studies using a common analytical approach. This research also identifies the factors that contribute to the effectiveness of HIA. Overall the book demonstrates that HIA can be effective, while also revealing the uneven development and incomplete institutionalization of HIA across Europe. The book is based on a European research project funded under the European Union Public Health Work Programme. The research was led by the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies and included research teams from 19 countries. Contents note: List of tables, figures and boxes ix -- Foreword xiii Robert Madelin -- Acknowledgements xv -- Contributors xvii -- Why research HIA? An introduction to the volume xix Matthias Wismar -- Part I: Health Impact Assessment: Key Issues, Research and Results -- Chapter 1: What is HIA and why might it be useful? 3 John Kemm -- Chapter 2: Is HIA effective? A synthesis of concepts, methodologies 15 -- and results Matthias Wismar, Julia Blau and Kelly Ernst -- Part II: The European Map of Health Impact Assessment -- Chapter 3: The use of HIA across Europe 37 Julia Blau, Kelly Ernst et al. -- Chapter 4: Implementing and institutionalizing HIA in Europe 57 Matthias Wismar, Julia Blau et al. -- Part III: The Effectiveness of Health Impact Assessment: Case Studies -- Case study 1: A large-scale urban development HIA: focusing on vulnerable 81 groups in London, England Katie Collins and Lorraine Taylor -- Case study 2: Ecosystem revitalization: community empowerment through HIA 95 in Tuscany, Italy Roberta Siliquini, Nicola Nante and Walter Ricciardi -- Case study 3: A local-level HIA in the transport sector: following legal 105 requirements in Lithuania Marius Stricka, Ingrida Zurlyte and Vilius Grabauskas -- Case study 4: HIA and intersectoral policy in urban planning: a checklist for 115 health impact screening in Leiden, the Netherlands Janneke van Reeuwijk-Werkhorst and Loes van Herten -- Case study 5: A city councils air quality action plan: building capacity for HIA 127 in Northern Ireland Teresa Lavin and Owen Metcalfe -- Case study 6: Using intersectoral networks towards the adoption of the 137 Common Agricultural Policy: an HIA on the Food and Nutrition Action Plan in Slovenia Mojca Gabrijelcic Blenkus and Nina Scagnetti -- Case study 7: A private sector HIA initiative: a smoke-free workplace policy 147 in Spain Francisco Barroso -- Case study 8: HIA speeding up the decision-making process: the 161 reconstruction of route 73 in Sweden Ida Knutsson and Anita Linell -- Case study 9: Citizen involvement in a local HIA: informing decisions on the 177 future of a landfill site in Wales Eva Elliott, Alison Golby and Gareth Williams -- Part IV: The Effectiveness of Integrating Health in Other Impact -- Assessments: Case Studies -- Case study 10: A participative social impact assessment at the local level: 191 supporting the land-use planning process in Finland Kirsi Nelimarkka, Tapani Kauppinen and Kerttu Perttilä -- Case study 11: The controversial Berlin Brandenburg International Airport: 207 time- and resource-consuming efforts concerning health within planning approval in Germany Rudolf Welteke, Thomas Classen, et al. -- Case study 12: Buzz around electromagnetic fields: a lengthy environmental 225 HIA in Poland Anicenta Bubak and Ewa Nowak -- Part V: The Effectiveness of Elements of Health Impact Assessment: -- Case Studies -- Case study 13: Pushing the agenda among decision-makers: an international 237 assessment of transport-related health effects in six countries Martin Sprenger and Ursula Püringer -- Case study 14: Contributing to a public health culture: health and economic 247 impacts of a health promotion campaign in Denmark Gabriel Gulis -- Case study 15: Removing hurdles towards HIA: pilot project of an 257 obstacle-free environment in Hungary Edit Eke -- Case study 16: Traffic and transport at the local level: capacity building for 271 HIA in Ireland Teresa Lavin and Owen Metcalfe -- Case study 17: Moving towards the development of an HIA methodology: 283 the effects of air pollution in Ticino, Switzerland Konrade von Bremen Link for e-copy: http://www.euro.who.int/document/E90794.pdf Format of e-copy: .PDF (1MB) Record link:
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Barcode Call number Media type Location Section Status 10273-01580 WA 525/WIS Book KCE Library (10.124) AvailableThe use of clinical risk factors enhances the performance of BMD in the prediction of hip and osteoporotic fractures in men and women / John A. Kanis, in Osteoporosis international, 19(2008)4 ([04/01/2008])
[article] The use of clinical risk factors enhances the performance of BMD in the prediction of hip and osteoporotic fractures in men and women [printed text] / John A. Kanis,, Author ; A. Oden, Author ; H. Johansson, Author ; Chris De Laet , Author ; J. Brown, Author . - 2008 . - 1033-46.
Languages : English (eng)
in Osteoporosis international > 19(2008)4 [04/01/2008] . - 1033-46
W 1 Serials. Periodicals
Age Factors ; Aged ; Area Under Curve ; Bone Density ; Female ; Fractures, Spontaneous ; Germany ; Hip Fractures ; Journal Article ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Osteoporosis ; Peer Review ; Risk Assessment ; Risk Factors
Abstract: BMD and clinical risk factors predict hip and other osteoporotic fractures. The combination of clinical risk factors and BMD provide higher specificity and sensitivity than either alone. INTRODUCTION AND
HYPOTHESES: To develop a risk assessment tool based on clinical risk factors (CRFs) with and without BMD.
METHODS: Nine population-based studies were studied in which BMD and CRFs were documented at baseline. Poisson regression models were developed for hip fracture and other osteoporotic fractures, with and without hip BMD. Fracture risk was expressed as gradient of risk (GR, risk ratio/SD change in risk score).
RESULTS: CRFs alone predicted hip fracture with a GR of 2.1/SD at the age of 50 years and decreased with age. The use of BMD alone provided a higher GR (3.7/SD), and was improved further with the combined use of CRFs and BMD (4.2/SD). For other osteoporotic fractures, the GRs were lower than for hip fracture. The GR with CRFs alone was 1.4/SD at the age of 50 years, similar to that provided by BMD (GR = 1.4/SD) and was not markedly increased by the combination (GR = 1.4/SD). The performance characteristics of clinical risk factors with and without BMD were validated in eleven independent population-based cohorts.
CONCLUSIONS: The models developed provide the basis for the integrated use of validated clinical risk factors in men and women to aid in fracture risk prediction.
Link for e-copy: http://www.springerlink.com.vdicp.health.fgov.be:8080/content/a1454272j34623p5/f [...] Format of e-copy: VDIC IP recognition Record link: [article]Validation of Hospital Administrative Dataset for adverse event screening / Center for Health Services and Nursing Research (University Hospital of Liege, Liege, Belgium.) in Quality and safety in health care, vol. 19, no. 5 (2010)
[article] Validation of Hospital Administrative Dataset for adverse event screening [printed text] / Center for Health Services and Nursing Research (University Hospital of Liege, Liege, Belgium.) ; Sandra Verelst ; Jessica Jacques ; Koen Van Den Heede ; Pierre Gillet ; Philippe Kolh ; Arthur Vleugels ; Walter Sermeus . - 2010 . - e25.
Validation of Hospital Administrative Dataset for adverse event screening
Languages : English (eng)
in Quality and safety in health care > vol. 19, no. 5 (2010) . - e25
W 1 Serials. Periodicals
2006-21 ; adverse effects ; Belgium ; Databases as Topic ; R93 ; Risk Assessment
Link for e-copy: http://doi.org/10.1136/qshc.2009.034306 Format of e-copy: PDF [Requires Subscription) Record link: [article]Valuation on environment-related health risks for children / Anna Alberini / Paris : OECD publications (2010)
Valuation on environment-related health risks for children [printed text] / Anna Alberini, Author ; Ian Bateman, Author ; Graham Loomes, Author ; Milan Scasny, Author . - Paris : OECD publications, 2010 . - 148 p. : Ill. ; 23 cm.
ISBN : 978-92-64-06810-0 : 35,00
Languages : English (eng)
WA 30 Social, economic, and environmental factors in public health (General)
adverse effects ; Child ; Risk Assessment
Abstract: Is the value of reducing environmental risk greater for children than for adults? If so, what does this mean for policy makers? This report, the final output of the Valuation of Environment-Related Health Impacts (VERHI) project, presents new research findings on these key environmental policy questions.
The authors estimate a "VSL" (Value of a Statistical Life) for children and adults based on new methodological approaches for valuing childrens health. The survey work is distinguished by its international dimension (surveys were conducted in the Czech Republic, Italy and the United Kingdom) and by the extensive development efforts undertaken.
The result: Two new survey instruments based on different methodological approaches; new estimates of the VSL for adults and children; analysis of the effects of context and other factors on risk preferences; presentation of novel ways to communicate risk, including a variety of visual aids; and insights that identify interesting paths for further study.
Contents note: List of Acronyms -- Executive Summary -- Introduction: The VERHI Project and its Goals -- Chapter 1. The Valuation of Environmental Health Risks -- Introduction -- Valuing health risks in general -- Valuing health risks for children -- Review of previous epidemiological and economic studies -- The objectives of the VERHI project -- Annex 1.A1. Review of the Epidemiological and Economic Evidence -- Chapter 2. Valuing Health Risks for Children -- The Research Challenges -- Introduction -- Who is able to speak for children? -- Household composition and decision making: How does this affect results? -- How to communicate small and unfamiliar risks -- Distinguishing between different types of risk -- Taking latent risks into account -- Summary points -- Chapter 3. New Approaches to Survey Design and Implementation -- Introduction -- How risk was communicated to the respondents -- The scenarios presented to the respondents -- Design of the final questionnaires -- Implementation of the questionnaires -- Annex 3.A1. Chronology and Main outcomes of Survey Development Work --Chapter 4. Survey Results -- Introduction -- Chaining method -- Conjoint choice experiment -- Person trade offs between children and adults -- Are the results transferable? -- Chapter 5. Conclusions and policy implications -- Introduction -- Is the VSL for children greater than for adults? -- Why might values be different for similar risks? -- Implications for public policy Record link:
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Barcode Call number Media type Location Section Status 10273-02623 WA 30 / ALB Book KCE Library (10.124) Available