Author Costa, Claudia
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Atlas of Population Health in European Union Regions / Santana, Paula / Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra (2017)
Atlas of Population Health in European Union Regions [printed text] / Santana, Paula, Author ; Costa, Claudia, Author . - Colombie : Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2017 . - 263 p. : ill., ; A4.
ISBN : 978-989-26-1462-5 : 0,00
Languages : English (eng)
HB 849.4 Demography. Population. Vital Events. (General works)
Europe ; Health ; Population ; Reference Books
Abstract: Despite the significant advances that have been made at the European Union (EU) level in terms of health inequality measurement, there is still a lack of comparable health-related data across countries and regions 1. Existing measures and indicators of health status and quality of life are considered inadequate2 to capture the holistic understanding of population health, with multiple determinants involved. Particularly lacking are the explanations as to why some populations are healthier than others, what policies are needed to address unjust inequalities, what research agenda is required, and where resources should be allocated.
The EURO HEALTHY project has contributed by responding to this challenge and applying a multi- and trans-disciplinary approach and methodology to enable the appraisal and comparison of population health and inequalities in multiple dimensions, within and across countries and regions. Under this framework, a multidimensional and multilevel measure the EURO HEALTHY Population Health Index (PHI) was built to evaluate European population health in a wide range of areas of concern, dimensions and indicators of health determinants and health outcomes. The Atlas is a reflection of the results obtained via the application of the PHI to the European regions.
The EURO HEALTHY Atlas of Population Health in European Union Regions is a comprehensive guide illustrating what is known, that is, which are the most and least healthy regions in European Union, what are the current determinants shaping the future health outcomes of those regions, how the opportunity for good health differs among those regions and how health can be improved.
The Atlas synthesizes the outputs of the EURO HEALTHY project, which aims to promote health equity through a systematic analysis of health determinants and health outcomes, following a holistic understanding of population health.
This work is a part of a new effort to provide evidence on integrated and quantified key factors impacting population health and geographical health inequalities across European countries and 269 NUTS 2 regions. This level of analysis was chosen given that it is the statistical unit applied by the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) to define regional boundaries and to determine geographic eligibility for receiving funding. Regional eligibility provides essential opportunities to address and invest in interventions that tackle health inequalities across NUTS 2 regions which are split into three groups:
I) less developed regions (with GDP per inhabitant less than 75% of the EU27 average);
II) transition regions (with GDP per inhabitant between 75% and 90% of the EU27 average);
III) more developed regions (with GDP per inhabitant greater than 90% of the EU27 average).
To make use of the ESIF funding instruments, knowledge transfer is crucial. Therefore, the Atlas aims to communicate fundamental information in a user-friendly way to inform the work of those concerned with understanding and reducing the health gap in Europe.
The findings demonstrate a high degree of variation in the geographical
distribution of health determinants and health outcomes, emphasizing that
inequalities still persist in Europe. The identified inequalities can be understood
through the analysis of environmental, social, economic and lifestyle/ behavioural patterns.
The regional indicators are presented for the following 17 health dimensions: employment, income and living conditions, social protection, security, education, demographic change, lifestyle and health behaviours, pollution, housing conditions, water and sanitation, waste management, road safety, healthcare resources, healthcare expenditure, healthcare performance, mortality and morbidity.
Link for e-copy: https://digitalis.uc.pt/en/livro/atlas_population_health_european_union_regions Format of e-copy: Web Site Record link: